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Ti2C MXene Modified with Ceramic Oxide and Noble Metal Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Morphostructural Properties, and High Photocatalytic Activity

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journal contribution
posted on 21.05.2019, 11:03 by Tomasz Wojciechowski, Anita Rozmysłowska-Wojciechowska, Grzegorz Matyszczak, Michał Wrzecionek, Andrzej Olszyna, Anca Peter, Anca Mihaly-Cozmuta, Camelia Nicula, Leonard Mihaly-Cozmuta, Sławomir Podsiadło, Dariusz Basiak, Wanda Ziemkowska, Agnieszka Jastrzębska
Among two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene, a new family of 2D anisotropic carbides and nitrides of early transition metals (MXenes) is very interesting because of the potential applications in electronics, medicine, and photocatalysis. In this paper, preparation, morphostructural characterization, band gaps determination, and salicylic acid photodegradation ability of Ti2C MXene and six nanocomposites consisting of the MXene modified by TiO2, Ag2O, Ag, PdO, Pd, and Au are reported. It was confirmed using electron diffraction studies, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission microscopy that metals and metal oxides occur on the MXene flakes as nanoparticles in a shape of spots. The band gaps determined experimentally using Tauc’s method are placed in the region of 0.90–1.31 eV. In recent years, the method of photocatalytic decomposition of pollutants using semiconductor photocatalysts and UV–vis energy has become increasingly important. The MXene based nanocomposites revealed high activity in the salicylic acid (SA) photodegradation reaction (86.1–97.1% of degraded SA after 3 h, concentration of SA initial solution 100 μM, the circulation rate of the SA solution 0.875 cm3/min). The interfacial charge transfer mechanism and the role of the metallic and metal oxide nanoparticles in the photocatalytic activity of the MXene based nanocomposites are presented and discussed.

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