American Chemical Society
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Three- and Four-Coordinate Homoleptic Iron(I)–NHC Complexes: Synthesis and Characterization

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-03-02, 16:23 authored by Zhenwu Ouyang, Yinshan Meng, Jun Cheng, Jie Xiao, Song Gao, Liang Deng
The use of the monodentate N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) 1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene (IMe2Me2) and its N,N-diethyl and N,N-diisopropyl analogues IEt2Me2 and IPr2Me2 enabled the preparation of the four-coordinate homoleptic iron­(I)–NHC complexes [(NHC)4Fe]­[BPh4] (NHC = IMe2Me2, 1; IEt2Me2, 2; IPr2Me2, 3) and the first three-coordinate homoleptic iron­(I)–NHC complex, [(IPr2Me2)3Fe]­[BPh4] (5). X-ray crystallographic studies revealed the tetrahedral coordination geometries of the cations in 1 and 2, the square-planar geometry in 3, and the trigonal-planar geometry in 5. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements suggested that 1, 2, and 5 are high-spin (S = 3/2) iron­(I) species and that 3 is a low-spin (S = 1/2) complex. 1H NMR and UV–vis–NIR spectroscopies revealed the existence of tetrahedral–square-planar isomerization (for 2 and 3) and NHC dissociation (for 3) in solutions of 2 and 3.