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Three Models To Encapsulate Multicomponent Dyes into Nanocrystal Pores: A New Strategy for Generating High-Quality White Light

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journal contribution
posted on 29.08.2019, 21:13 by Xiao-Yuan Liu, Kai Xing, Yang Li, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Jing Li
Highly luminescent metal–organic frameworks (LMOFs) have received great attention for their potential use in energy-efficient general lighting devices such as white-light-emitting diodes (WLEDs); however, achieving strong emission with controllable color, especially high-quality white light, remains a considerable challenge. Herein, we present a new strategy to encapsulate in situ multiple dyes into nanocrystalline ZIF-8 pores to form an efficient dyes@MOF system. Using this strategy, we build three models, namely, multiphase single-shell dye@ZIF-8, single-phase single-shell dyes@ZIF-8, and single-phase multishell dyes@ZIF-8, to systematically and fine-tune the white emission color by varying the components and concentration of encapsulated dyes. The study of these three models demonstrates the importance of the multishell structure, which can effectively reduce the interactions such as Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between encapsulated dyes. This energy transfer would otherwise be unavoidable in a single-shell setting, which often reduces the efficiency of white-light emission in the dyes@MOF system. This approach offers a new perspective not only for fine-tuning the emission color within nanoporous dyes@MOFs but also for fabricating MOF nanocrystals that are easily solution-processable. The strategy may also facilitate the development of other types of MOF–guest nanocomposite systems.