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Three-Dimensional Network Pd-Ni/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts for Highly Active Catalytic Hydrogenation of Nitrobenzene to Aniline under Mild Conditions

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2021, 23:54 by Yang Jiang, Qian Li, Xi Li, Xinyi Wang, Sen Dong, Jianhua Li, Li Hou, Tifeng Jiao, Yatao Wang, Faming Gao
In view of the current situation of high cost and low catalytic efficiency of the commercial Pd-based catalysts, adding transition metals (Ni, Co, etc.) to form the Pd-M bimetallic catalyst not only reduces the consumption of Pd but also greatly improves the catalytic activity and stability, which has attracted increasing attention. In this work, the three-dimensional network Pd–Ni bimetallic catalysts were prepared successfully by a liquid-phase in situ reduction method with the hydroxylated γ-Al2O3 as the support. Through investigating the effects of the precursor salt amount, reducing agent concentration, stabilizer concentration, and reducing stirring time on the synthesis of the Pd–Ni nanocatalyst, the three-dimensional network Pd–Ni bimetallic nanostructures with four different atomic ratios were prepared under an optimal condition. The obtained wire-like Pd–Ni catalysts have a uniform diameter size of about 5 nm and length up to several microns. After closely combining with the hydroxylated γ-Al2O3, the supported Pd–Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts exhibit nearly 100% conversion rate and selectivity for the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline at low temperature and normal pressure. The stability testing of the supported Pd–Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts shows that the conversion rate still remained above 99% after 10 cycles. There is no doubt that the supported catalysts show significant catalytic efficiency and recyclability, which provides important theoretical basis and technical support for the preparation of low-cost, highly efficient catalysts for the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline.