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Three-Dimensional Co–S–P Nanoflowers as Highly Stable Electrode Materials for Asymmetric Supercapacitors

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posted on 2019-06-03, 00:00 authored by Xiaoya Zhou, Jiawei Zhu, Yao Lu, Yizhou Zhang, Ying Hong, Wenjun Wang, Khasan Karimov, Imran Murtaza, Qian Wang, Xiaochen Dong
Three-dimensional P-doped Co9S8/CoO (denoted as Co–S–P) nanoflowers are designed and synthesized via a phosphor doping method. Because of the novel structures and the ultrathin nanosheets, the electrode materials supply rapid charge transmission rate, shortened ion diffusion length, and large electroactive specific area, resulting in outstanding electrochemical performance. As a supercapacitor electrode active material, the Co–S–P exhibits outstanding pseudocapacitive performance with a specific capacitance of 969.5 F g–1 at 1 A g–1 and 775 F g–1 at 20 A g–1 and approximately 105% capacity retention after 30 000 cycles at 20 A g–1. As expected, an asymmetric supercapacitor was configured on the basis of the obtained Co–S–P and activated carbon electrode, which showed a high energy density of 17.9 Wh kg–1 at 266 W kg–1 and remained 97.9% of initial specific capacitance after 10 000 cycles.

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