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Three-Decker Strategy Based on Multifunctional Layered Double Hydroxide to Realize High-Performance Hydroxide Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-05-04, 00:00 authored by Nanjun Chen, Chuan Long, Yunxi Li, Dong Wang, Chuanrui Lu, Hong Zhu, Jinghua Yu
Herein, we present a three-decker layered double hydroxide (LDH)/poly­(phenylene oxide) (PPO) for hydroxide exchange membrane (HEM) applications. Hexagonal LDH is functionalized with highly stable 3-hydroxy-6-azaspiro [5.5] undecane (OH-ASU) cations to promote it’s ion-exchange capacity. The ASU-LDH is combined with triple-cations functionalized PPO (TC-PPO) to fabricate a three-decker ASU-LDH/TC-PPO hybrid membrane by an electrostatic-spraying method. Notably, the ASU-LDH layer with a porous structure shows many valuable properties for the ASU-LDH/TC-PPO hybrid membranes, such as improving hydroxide conductivity, dimensional stability, and alkaline stability. The maximum OH conductivity of ASU-LDH/TC-PPO hybrid membranes achieves 0.113 S/cm at 80 °C. Only 11.5% drops in OH conductivity was detected after an alkaline stability test in 1 M NaOH at 80 °C for 588 h, prolonging the lifetime of the TC-PPO membrane. Furthermore, the ASU-LDH/TC-PPO hybrid membrane realizes a maximum power density of 0.209 W/cm2 under a current density of 0.391 A/cm2. In summary, the ASU-LDH/TC-PPO hybrid membranes provide a reliable method for preparing high-performance HEMs.

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