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Thienopyrimidine–Chalcone Hybrid Molecules Inhibit Fas-Activated Serine/Threonine Kinase: An Approach To Ameliorate Antiproliferation in Human Breast Cancer Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 24.07.2018, 00:00 by Nashrah Sharif Khan, Parvez Khan, Mohammad Fawad Ansari, Saurabha Srivastava, Gulam Mustafa Hasan, Mohammad Husain, Md. Imtaiyaz Hassan
Apoptotic evasion by cancerous cells being one of the striking hallmarks of cancer has turned into a new arena of drug discovery. A large number of pathways reported that govern the apoptotic evasion have been reported. Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase (FASTK) is a member of Ser/Thr kinase family, and it has been implicated in the apoptotic evasion and, hence, the development of cancer. Keeping this in view, a series of novel thienopyrimidine-based chalcones have been synthesized and evaluated to modulate the FASTK mediated apoptotic evasion. Initial screening was done by enzyme inhibition assay and binding studies, which showed that out of 15 synthesized compounds, 3 thienopyrimidine-based chalcone derivatives possess considerably high binding affinity and enzyme inhibitory potential (nM range) for FASTK. Cell proliferation assessment of selected compounds was performed on HEK-293 and MCF-7 cells. For MCF-7 cells, compounds 2, 10, and 12 show IC50 values of 20.22 ± 1.50, 6.52 ± 0.82, and 8.20 ± 0.61 μM, respectively. Annexin-V and PI staining suggested that these molecules induce apoptosis in MCF-7 cells, arrest the cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase, and subsequently inhibit cell migration presumably by inhibiting FASTK and reactive oxygen species production. In conclusion, we have successfully designed, synthesized, and characterized thienopyrimidine-based chalcones that inhibit FASTK and induce apoptosis. These compounds may be exploited as potential anticancer agents.