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Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Amorphous Molecular Materials for High-Performance Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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journal contribution
posted on 22.09.2021, 17:03 by Xu-Lin Chen, Xiao-Dong Tao, Zhuangzhuang Wei, Lingyi Meng, Fu-Lin Lin, Dong-Hai Zhang, Yan-Yun Jing, Can-Zhong Lu
Small-molecule thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials have been extensively developed to actualize efficient organic LEDs (OLEDs). However, organic small molecules generally compromise thin film quality and stability due to the tendency of crystallization, aggregation, and phase separation, which hence degrade the efficiency and long-term stability of the OLEDs. Here, for the first time, we exploit the unique molecular configuration of the bimesitylene scaffold to design two highly efficient TADF amorphous molecular materials with excellent thermal and morphological stabilities. The twisted and rigid bimesitylene scaffold thwarts regular molecular packing and crystallization, thereby guaranteeing homogeneous and stable amorphous thin films. Meanwhile, the highly twisted geometry of the bimesitylene scaffold efficiently breaks the molecular conjugation and thus conserves the high energies of the lowest locally excited triplet states (3LE) above the lowest charge transfer states (1CT and 3CT), leading to small singlet-triplet energy splitting and fast reverse intersystem crossing. These TADF emitters exhibit high photoluminescence quantum yields of 0.90 and 0.69 and short TADF lifetimes of 4.94 and 1.44 μs in doped films, based on which the greenish-blue and greenish-yellow OLEDs achieve external quantum efficiencies of 23.2 and 16.2%, respectively, with small efficiency roll-off rates and perfect color stability.