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Therapeutic Mechanistic Studies of ShuFengJieDu Capsule in an Acute Lung Injury Animal Model Using Quantitative Proteomics Technology

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posted on 2017-09-07, 00:00 authored by Zhengang Tao, Xia Meng, Yan-qi Han, Ming-ming Xue, Shifei Wu, Ping Wu, Ying Yuan, Qiang Zhu, Tie-Jun Zhang, Catherine C. L. Wong
ShuFengJieDu capsule (SFJDC), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that contains eight medicinal herbs, has been extensively utilized for the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) and respiratory infections for more than 30 years in China. SFJDC has also been listed in the official guidelines of the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) due to its stable clinical manifestations. However, the underlying mechanism of SFJDC during ALI repair remains unclear. In the present study, we explored the protective and therapeutic mechanisms of SFJDC in a rat model by performing qualitative and label-free quantitative proteomics studies. After establishing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI rat models, we profiled macrophage cells isolated from freshly resected rat lung tissues derived from ALI models and ALI rat lung tissue sections using a high performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS/MS) shotgun proteomics approach to identify changes in the expression levels of proteins of interest. On the basis of our proteomics results and the results of a protein dysregulation analysis of ALI rat lung tissues and rat lung macrophages, AKT1 was selected as a putative key factor that may play an important role in mediating the effects of SFJDC treatment during ALI progression. Follow-up validation studies demonstrated that AKT1 expression effectively regulates various ALI-related molecules, and Gene Ontology analysis indicated that SFJDC-treated ALI rat macrophages were influenced by AKT1-based networks. Gain- and loss-of-function analyses following lentivirus-AKT1 or lentivirus-si-AKT1 infection in macrophages also indicated that AKT1 was essential for the development of ALI due to its ability to regulate oxidative stress, apoptosis, or inflammatory responses. In summary, SFJDC effectively modulated anti-inflammatory and immunomodulation activity during ALI, potentially due to AKT1 regulation during ALI progression. New insights into SFJDC mechanisms may facilitate the development of novel pharmaceutical strategies to control the expression of inflammatory factors.

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