Theoretical Study of Isomerism/Phase Dependent Charge Transport Properties in Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(III)
journal contributionposted on 2011-08-25, 00:00 authored by Hongze Gao, Hongyu Zhang, Houyu Zhang, Yun Gen, Zhong-Min Su
The charge carrier transporting ability in the polymorphism of tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(III) (Alq3) has been studied using density functional theory (DFT) and Marcus charge transport theory. α- and β-Alq3 composed of mer-Alq3 molecules have stronger electron-transporting property (n-type materials) compared with their hole-transporting ability. In contrast, γ- and δ-Alq3 formed by fac-Alq3 molecules possess stronger hole-transporting character than their electron-transporting ability. The detailed theoretical calculations indicate the reason lies in the differences of HOMO and LUMO distribution states of the two kinds of isomers, and the different molecular packing modes of charge-transporting pathways for different phases.