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The Synthesis of α,α-Disubstituted α‑Amino Acids via Ichikawa Rearrangement

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journal contribution
posted on 04.02.2016, 15:55 by Piotr Szcześniak, Michał Pieczykolan, Sebastian Stecko
An approach to α,α-disubstituted α-amino acids is reported. The key step is allyl cyanate-to-isocyanate rearrangement. As demonstrated, the resultant allyl isocyanates can be directly trapped with various nucleophiles, for instance, alcohols, amines, and organometallic reagents, to provide a broad range of N-functionalized allylamines. The developed method has been successfully applied in the synthesis of two bioactive peptides: 2-aminoadamantane-2-carboxylic acid derived P2X7-evoked glutamate release inhibitor and 4-amino-tetrahydropyranyl-4-carboxylic acid derived dipeptide GSK-2793660, which is currently in clinical trials as cathepsin C inhibitor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, ANCA-associated vasculitis and bronchiectasis.