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The Synthesis, Structural, and Spectroscopic Characterization of Uranium(IV) Perrhenate Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 17.10.2005, 00:00 by Gordon H. John, Iain May, Clint A. Sharrad, Andrew D. Sutton, David Collison, Madeleine Helliwell, Mark J. Sarsfield
We report the synthesis, structural, and spectroscopic characterization of a series of uranium(IV)−perrhenato complexes. Three isostructural complexes with general formula [U(ReO4)4(L)4] (where L = tri-n-butylphosphine oxide/TBPO (2), triethyl phosphate/TEP (3), or tri-iso-butyl phosphate/TiBP (4)), have been synthesized, both through the photoreduction of ethanolic {UO2}2+ solutions and also via a novel UIV starting material, U(ReO4)4·5H2O (1). Compound 1 has also been used in the preparation of [U(ReO4)4(TPPO)3(CH3CN)]·2CH3CN (5) and [U(ReO4)(DPPMO2)3(OH)][ReO4]2·2CH3CN (6), where TPPO represents triphenylphosphine oxide and DPPMO2 represents bis(diphenylphosphino)methane dioxide. All six complexes have been spectroscopically characterized using NMR, UV−vis−NIR, and IR techniques, with 2, 3, 5, and 6 also fully structurally characterized. The U atoms in compounds 2-6 all exhibit eight-coordinate geometry with up to four perrhenate groups in addition to three (DPPMO2 and TPPO) or four (TEP, TiBP, TBPO) coordinated organic ligands. In the case of compounds 5 and 6, the coordination of eight ligands to the UIV center is completed by the binding of a solvent molecule (CH3CN) and OH-, respectively. Solid-state physical analysis (elemental and thermogravimetric) and infrared spectroscopy are in agreement with the structural studies. The crystallographic data suggest that the strength of the UIV−O-donor ligand bonds decreases across the series R3PO > [ReO4]-> (RO)3PO. Solution-state IR and 31P NMR spectroscopy appear to be in agreement with these solid-state results.