The Nature of the Interactions between Pt4 Cluster and the Adsorbates ·H, ·OH, and H2O
journal contributionposted on 20.11.2008, 00:00 by Renato L. T. Parreira, Giovanni F. Caramori, Sérgio E. Galembeck, Fritz Huguenin
The nature of the interactions between the platinum cluster Pt4 and the adsorbates •H, •OH, and H2O, as well as the influence of these adsorbates on the electronic structure of the Pt4 cluster, was investigated by density functional theory (B3LYP, B3PW91, and BP86) together with the effective core potential MWB for the platinum atoms, and 6-311++G(d,p) and aug-cc-pVTZ basis set for the H and O atoms. Identification of the optimal spin multiplicity state and the preferential adsorption sites were also evaluated. Adsorption changes the cluster geometry significantly, but the relaxation effects on the adsorption energy are negligible. The adsorbates bind preferentially atop of the cluster, where high bonding energies were observed for the radical species. Adsorption is followed by a charge transfer from the Pt4 cluster toward radical adsorbates, but this charge transfer occurs in a reversed way when the adsorbate is H2O. In contrast with water, adsorption of the radicals •H and •OH on platinum causes a remarkable re-distribution of the spin density, characterized by a spin density sharing between the •H and •OH radicals and the cluster. The covalent character of the cluster−adsorbate interactions, determined by electron density topological analysis, reveals that the Pt4−H interaction is completely covalent, Pt4−OH is partially covalent, and Pt4−H2O is almost noncovalent.