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The Mechanism of the Phosphine-Free Palladium-Catalyzed Hydroarylation of Alkynes

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journal contribution
posted on 04.10.2006, 00:00 by Mårten Ahlquist, Giancarlo Fabrizi, Sandro Cacchi, Per-Ola Norrby
The mechanism of the Pd-catalyzed hydroarylation and hydrovinylation reaction of alkynes has been studied by a combination of experimental and theoretical methods (B3LYP), with an emphasis on the phosphine-free version. The regioselectivity of the hydroarylation and hydrovinylation shows unexpected differences, which could be attributed mainly to the higher steric demand of the cyclohexenyl group as compared to the phenyl group. Hydroarylation of α,β-acetylenic carbonyl substrates yields a very unusual anti-Michael selectivity, which is shown to result from reaction of the nonconjugated double bond, leaving the conjugation intact. In all cases were the regioselectivities reproduced by the calculations.