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The Fulvenediyls and Related Biradicals:  Molecular and Electronic Structure

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journal contribution
posted on 17.02.2005, 00:00 by Michael Winkler
The structures, stabilities, and electronic properties of the nine fulvenediyls have been investigated and compared to the isomeric benzynes using density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio multireference configuration interaction methods (MRCI). Given the significant biradical character of several singlet fulvenediyls, the BLYP method reproduces the relative energies of these systems rather accurately. In contrast, some triplet states (3A‘-12, 3A‘-13, and 3B2-14) suffer from artifactual symmetry breaking towards a nonplanar geometry at the DFT level. The structures and properties of the title biradicals are readily rationalized within the framework of through-space and through-bond molecular orbital interactions. The degree of coupling between the formally unpaired electrons strongly depends on the number and arrangement of intervening σ-bonds, and often parallels the trends observed for annellated arynes of similar topology. In some cases, novel structural patterns can be identified that are characteristic of five-membered-ring systems. These similarities and differences between five- and six-membered-ring arynes are discussed on the basis of molecular orbital arguments.