The Elastic Mechanical Response of Supported Thin Polymer Films
journal contributionposted on 23.12.2014, 00:00 by Peter C. Chung, Emmanouil Glynos, Peter F. Green
Nanoindentation studies of the mechanical properties of sufficiently thin polymer films, supported by stiff substrates, indicate that the mechanical moduli are generally higher than those of the bulk. This enhancement of the effective modulus, in the thickness range of few hundred nanometers, is indicated to be associated with the propagation and impingement of the indentation tip induced stress field with the rigid underlying substrate; this is the so-called “substrate effect”. This behavior has been rationalized completely in terms of the moduli and Poisson’s ratios of the individual components, for the systems investigated thus far. Here we show that for thin supported polymer films, in general, information regarding the local chain stiffness and local vibrational constants of the polymers provides an appropriate rationalization of the overall mechanical response of polymers of differing chemical structures and polymer–substrate interactions. Our study should provide impetus for atomistic simulations that carefully account for the role of intermolecular interactions on the mechanical response of supported polymer thin films.