The Bicyclo[2.2.2]octyl Carbene System as a Probe for Migratory Aptitudes of Hydrogen to Carbenic Centers
journal contributionposted on 2001-02-02, 00:00 authored by Xavier Creary, Mark A. Butchko
A series of tosylhydrazone derivatives of exo-6-substituted bicylo[2.2.2]octan-2-ones have been prepared. Thermal decomposition of the sodium salts of these tosylhydrazones gives carbene-derived products from 1,3-migration of either the C6 hydrogen (perturbed) or the C7 hydrogen (unperturbed), along with smaller amounts of alkenes derived from 1,2-hydrogen migration. The exo-6-substituent strongly activates 1,3-hydrogen migration in the case of SiMe3 and weakly activates it in the case of CH3 substitution. Thiomethoxy and carbomethoxy are weakly deactivating, while cyano and methoxy groups are strongly deactivating. B3LYP/6-31G* calculations on these substituted carbenes and transition states are in qualitative agreement with the ease of 1,3-hydrogen migration of perturbed vs unperturbed hydrogen. These experimental results and computational studies suggest carbene stabilization due to the exo-6-silyl group. They also suggest a reactant-like transition state for 1,3-hydrogen migration in which the inductive effect influences ease of migration. In the case of the exo-6-methoxy group, the inductive effect overwhelms any potential resonance-stabilizing effects.