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The Alignment of Barium Ferrite Nanoparticles from Their Suspensions in Electric and Magnetic Fields

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-02-14, 00:00 authored by Darja Lisjak, Simona Ovtar
The alignment of plate-like barium ferrite nanoparticles, with diameters of 10–350 nm and thicknesses of 3–10 nm, in electric and/or magnetic fields was studied. Stable suspensions were prepared in 1-butanol with dodecylbenzenesulphonic acid as a surfactant. The deposits were produced from the suspensions with classic electrophoretic deposition, electrophoretic deposition in a magnetic field, and with drying in a magnetic field. The experiments, supported by theoretical calculations, show that the alignment of the nanoplates in the deposits was determined by the interplay between the hydrodynamic, electric, and magnetic forces. The preferential alignment of the nanoplates in plane with the substrate coincided with their magnetic orientation, and it increased with the shape anisotropy of the particles. The deposits were sintered at 1150 °C for 5 h to obtain ceramic films, which showed a magnetic orientation up to 90%.