American Chemical Society
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Tetrafluoroborate-Passivated CsPbBrxCl3–x Nanocrystals for Spectrally Stable Pure Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-13, 07:29 authored by Tian Chen, Xue-Chen Ru, Zhen-Yu Ma, Li-Zhe Feng, Kuang-Hui Song, Jing Ge, Bai-Sheng Zhu, Jun-Nan Yang, Hong-Bin Yao
Mixed halide perovskite nanocrystals show great promise for high-performance light-emitting diodes (LEDs) due to their tunable band gaps, high photoluminescence efficiency, and excellent color purity. However, one major challenge in using mixed halide CsPbBrxCl3–x NCs for pure blue LEDs is the instability of their electroluminescence (EL) caused by halide segregation. Here, we report an effective pseudohalide tetrafluoroborate (BF4) passivation approach to improve the EL stability of CsPbBrxCl3–x NC-based LEDs. Our approach involves the solution-processed treatment of CsPbBrxCl3–x NCs by the complex of tributylphosphine oxide and calcium tetrafluoroborate, which yields pseudohalide BF4-passivated CsPbBrxCl3–x NCs. The BF4 fills the surface halide ion vacancy, providing dual benefits of surface passivation and halide migration suppression. By using these BF4-passivated CsPbBrxCl3–x NCs as the emitting layer, we have successfully fabricated spectrally stable and pure blue LEDs with an emission peak at 468 nm, a maximum luminance of 275 cd/m2, and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 3.2%. Our proposed BF4-passivated NCs strategy will pave the way for the development of efficient, stable, and pure blue perovskite LEDs.