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Ternary System Based on Fluorophore–Surfactant AssembliesCu2+ for Highly Sensitive and Selective Detection of Arginine in Aqueous Solution

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journal contribution
posted on 23.12.2014, 00:00 by Jianhua Cao, Liping Ding, Wenting Hu, Xiangli Chen, Xiao Chen, Yu Fang
A new cationic dansyl derivative-based (DIlSD) fluorescence probe was designed and synthesized. Its combination with anionic surfactant SDS assemblies shows enhanced fluorescence intensity and blue-shifted maximum wavelength. Its fluorescence can be slightly quenched by Cu2+; however, the fluorescence quenching efficiency by Cu2+ is highly increased upon titration of arginine (Arg). As a result, the ternary system containing the cationic fluorophore, anionic surfactant, and Cu2+ functions as a highly sensitive and selective sensor to Arg. The optimized sensor system displays a detection limit of 170 nM, representing the highest sensitivity to Arg in total aqueous solution by a fluorescent sensor. Control experiments reveal that the imidazolium groups in the fluorophore, the anionic surfactant, and Cu2+ all play important roles in the process of sensing Arg. The electrostatic interaction between the cationic fluorophore and anionic surfactants facilitates the binding of imidazolium rings with Cu2+, the surfactant surface-anchored Cu2+ is responsible for further binding of Arg, and the electrostatic interaction between anionic surfactants and positively charged amino acids accounts for the selective responses to Arg.