Terminal Titanyl Complexes of Tri- and Tetrametaphosphate: Synthesis, Structures, and Reactivity with Hydrogen Peroxide
journal contributionposted on 2017-02-16, 17:21 authored by Julia M. Stauber, Christopher C. Cummins
The synthesis and characterization of tri- and tetrametaphosphate titanium(IV) oxo and peroxo complexes is described. Addition of 0.5 equiv of [OTi(acac)2]2 to dihydrogen tetrametaphosphate ([P4O12H2]2–) and monohydrogen trimetaphosphate ([P3O9H]2–) provided a bis(μ2,κ2,κ2) tetrametaphosphate titanyl dimer, [OTiP4O12]24– (1; 70% yield), and a trimetaphosphate titanyl acetylacetonate complex, [OTiP3O9(acac)]2– (2; 59% yield). Both 1 and 2 have been structurally characterized, crystallizing in the triclinic P1̅ and monoclinic P21 space groups, respectively. These complexes contain TiO units with distances of 1.624(7) and 1.644(2) Å, respectively, and represent rare examples of structurally characterized terminal titanyls within an all-oxygen coordination environment. Complexes 1 and 2 react with hydrogen peroxide to produce the corresponding peroxotitanium(IV) metaphosphate complexes [O2TiP4O12]24–(3; 61% yield) and [O2TiP3O9(acac)]2– (4; 65% yield), respectively. Both 3 and 4 have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies, and their solid-state structures are presented. Complex 3 functions as an oxygen atom transfer (OAT) reagent capable of oxidizing phosphorus(III) compounds (P(OMe)3, PPh3) and SMe2 at ambient temperature to result in the corresponding organic oxide with regeneration of dimer 1.
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OAThydrogen peroxidePPh 3Complexes 1terminal titanyls0.5 equivdimer 1OTiP 3 O 9oxygen atom transferacacSMe 2ambient temperatureO 2 TiP 4 O 12peroxo complexesO 2 TiP 3 O 9terminal Titanyl ComplexesHydrogen Peroxidesingle-crystal X-ray diffraction studiestrimetaphosphate titanyl acetylacetonateOTiP 4 O 12tetrametaphosphate titanyl dimerall-oxygen coordination environmentP 2 1 space groupsComplex 3 functions