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Temporal and Spatial Trends of Organochlorine Pesticides in Great Lakes Precipitation

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2006, 00:00 by Ping Sun, Sean Backus, Pierrette Blanchard, Ronald A. Hites
Organochlorine pesticide concentrations in precipitation samples collected from 1997 to 2003 at seven Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network sites around the Great Lakes are reported. The 28-day volume weighted mean concentrations of several pesticides, including γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), endosulfan, hexachlorobenzene, chlordane, and DDE, showed significant seasonal trends. For current-use pesticides (endosulfan and γ-HCH), their concentrations peaked in late spring to summer just after their agricultural application. For the banned pesticides, higher concentra tions were observed in the winter due to their enhanced partitioning to particles and scavenging by snow. Long-term decreasing trends were observed for several pesticides such as γ-HCH and DDE. On the other hand, β-HCH showed significant increasing concentrations as a function of time at Brule River, Eagle Harbor, and Sleeping Bear Dunes. Generally, Chicago had the highest concentration of chlordanes, dieldrin, and DDT, indicating that urban areas could be a source for these compounds to precipitation. For γ-HCH and endosulfans, Point Petre had the highest concentrations due to the application of these pesticides in the surrounding areas.