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Tempo-Spatially Resolved Scattering Correlation Spectroscopy under Dark-Field Illumination and Its Application to Investigate Dynamic Behaviors of Gold Nanoparticles in Live Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 19.02.2014, 00:00 by Heng Liu, Chaoqing Dong, Jicun Ren
In this study, a new tempo-spatially resolved fluctuation spectroscopy under dark-field illumination is described, named dark-field illumination-based scattering correlation spectroscopy (DFSCS). DFSCS is a single-particle method, whose principle is similar to that of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). DFSCS correlates the fluctuations of the scattered light from single nanoparticle under dark-field illumination. We developed a theoretical model for translational diffusion of nanoparticles in DFSCS system. The results of computer simulations documented that this model was able to well describe the diffusion behaviors of nanoparticles in uniformly illuminated field. The experimental setup of DFSCS was achieved by introducing a dark-field condenser to the frequently used bright-field microscope and an electron multiplying charge-coupled device (EMCCD) as the array detector. In the optimal condition, a stack of 500 000 frames were collected simultaneously on 64 detection channels for a single measurement with acquisition rate of 0.5 ms per frame. We systematically investigated the effect of certain factors such as particle concentration, viscosity of the solution, and heterogeneity of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) samples on DFSCS measurements. The experiment data confirmed theoretical model proposed. Furthermore, this new method was successfully used for investigating dynamic behaviors of GNPs in live cells. Our preliminary results demonstrate that DFSCS is a practical and affordable tool for ordinary laboratories to investigate the dynamic information of nanoparticles in vitro as well as in vivo.