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Tau-Targeted Multifunctional Nanocomposite for Combinational Therapy of Alzheimer’s Disease

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journal contribution
posted on 24.01.2018, 00:00 by Qing Chen, Yang Du, Kai Zhang, Zeyu Liang, Jinquan Li, Hao Yu, Rong Ren, Jin Feng, Zhiming Jin, Fangyuan Li, Jihong Sun, Min Zhou, Qinggang He, Xiaolian Sun, Hong Zhang, Mei Tian, Daishun Ling
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains an incurable disease and lacks efficient diagnostic methods. Most AD treatments have focused on amyloid-β (Aβ) targeted therapy; however, it is time to consider the alternative theranostics due to accumulated findings of weak correlation between Aβ deposition and cognition, as well as the failures of Phase III clinical trial on Aβ targeted therapy. Recent studies have shown that the tau pathway is closely associated with clinical development of AD symptoms, which might be a potential therapeutic target. We herein construct a methylene blue (MB, a tau aggregation inhibitor) loaded nanocomposite (CeNC/IONC/MSN-T807), which not only possesses high binding affinity to hyperphosphorylated tau but also inhibits multiple key pathways of tau-associated AD pathogenesis. We demonstrate that these nanocomposites can relieve the AD symptoms by mitigating mitochondrial oxidative stress, suppressing tau hyperphosphorylation, and preventing neuronal death both in vitro and in vivo. The memory deficits of AD rats are significantly rescued upon treatment with MB loaded CeNC/IONC/MSN-T807. Our results indicate that hyperphosphorylated tau-targeted multifunctional nanocomposites could be a promising therapeutic candidate for Alzheimer’s disease.