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Tandem Mass Spectrometry of Intact Proteins for Characterization of Biomarkers from Bacillus cereus T Spores

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posted on 26.10.2001, 00:00 by Plamen A. Demirev, Javier Ramirez, Catherine Fenselau
Intact protein biomarkers from Bacillus cereus T spores have been analyzed by high-resolution tandem Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Two techniques have been applied for excitation of the isolated multiply charged precursor ion species:  sustained off-resonance irradiation/collisionally activated dissociation and electron capture dissociation. Fragmentation-derived sequence tags and BLAST sequence similarity proteome database searches allow unequivocal identification of the major biomarker protein with unprecedented specificity. Sequence-specific fragmentation patterns further confirm protein identification. Moreover, methodology combining accurate mass measurements of intact proteins with additional information contained in a proteome database permits tentative assignment of several other protein biomarkers isolated from the B. cereus T spores. We argue that approaches involving tandem MS of protein biomarkers, combined with bioinformatics, can drastically improve the specificity of individual microorganism identification, particularly in complex environments.

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