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Tandem Inter [4 + 2]/Intra [3 + 2] Cycloadditions of Nitroalkenes. Asymmetric Synthesis of Highly Functionalized Aminocyclopentanes Using the Bridged Mode (β-Tether) Process

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journal contribution
posted on 21.08.1998, 00:00 by Scott E. Denmark, Julie A. Dixon
An asymmetric, tandem inter [4 + 2]/intra [3 + 2] bridged mode (β-tether) cycloaddition of nitroalkenes has been developed. This new sequence involves the Lewis acid-promoted [4 + 2] cycloaddition of nitro olefins with enantiopure 1-alkoxy-1,4-dienes. The resulting nitronates, bearing a C(5) tethered dipolarophile, undergo thermal, intramolecular [3 + 2] cycloaddition to afford stable tricyclic nitroso acetals, which can be subsequently reduced to provide interesting aminocyclopentanes. Thus, in three steps, highly functionalized, enantiomerically enriched aminocyclopentanes can be constructed with good yield and high ee. Additionally, the Lewis acid was found to impart a remarkable influence on the stereochemical outcome of the [4 + 2] cycloaddition.