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Tandem Addition of Phosphite Nucleophiles Across Unsaturated Nitrogen-Containing Systems: Mechanistic Insights on Regioselectivity

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2016, 00:00 by Wouter Debrouwer, Dietmar Hertsen, Thomas S. A. Heugebaert, Esma Birsen Boydas, Veronique Van Speybroeck, Saron Catak, Christian V. Stevens
The addition of phosphite nucleophiles across linear unsaturated imines is a powerful and atom-economical methodology for the synthesis of aminophosphonates. These products are of interest from both a biological and a synthetic point of view: they act as amino acid transition state analogs and Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons reagents, respectively. In this work the reaction between dialkyl trimethylsilyl phosphites and α,β,γ,δ-diunsaturated imines was evaluated as a continuation of our previous efforts in the field. As such, the first conjugate 1,6-addition of a phosphite nucleophile across a linear unsaturated N-containing system is reported herein. Theoretical calculations were performed to rationalize the observed regioselectivites and to shed light on the proposed mechanism.