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# Systematic Study of the Simple Predictive Approaches for Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Multicomponent Solutions

journal contribution

posted on 2010-08-18, 00:00 authored by Jia-Zhen Yang, Jian-Guo Liu, Jing Tong, Wei Guan, Da-Wei Fang, Chuan-Wei YanThe densities, viscosities, and conductivities were measured for the ternary solution NaCl + urea + H

_{2}O, the quintuple solution NaCl + Na_{2}SO_{4}+ KCl + K_{2}SO_{4}+ H_{2}O, and their binary subsystems at 298.15 K. The results together with the densities, viscosities, and conductivities of multicomponent solutions reported in the literature were used to study the predictability of the Young’s rule for density and conductivity, the rule of Patwardhan and Kumar for density, Hu’s equation for the viscosity of mixed electrolyte solutions based on the Eyring’s absolute rate theory and the rule of Patwardhan and Kumar, and the semiideal solution theory for thermodynamic and transport properties. The results show that all the tested equations can provide comparable and accurate predictions for the densities of multicomponent electrolyte solutions. The semiideal solution theory is applicable to the aqueous solutions of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes, and its predictions for the densities of the examined solutions are in nice agreement with the experimental results. The simple equation based on Eyring’s absolute rate theory and the rule of Patwardhan and Kumar and the semiideal solution theory can provide nice predictions for the viscosity of the tested electrolyte solutions. The predictions for the viscosity of the ternary solution NaCl + urea + H_{2}O by the semiideal solution theory are also in accordance with the measured viscosities. The semiideal solution theory can provide better predictions for the conductivities of the tested electrolyte solutions than the extended Young’s rule, and their predictions are both in good agreement with the experimental results. The advantages of the semiideal solution theory are briefly discussed and reviewed.