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Systematic Strategy for Metabolites of Amentoflavone In Vivo and In Vitro Based on UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 02.12.2020, 11:33 by Baolin Wang, Yimeng Lu, Xiaolong Hu, Jiahao Feng, Wei Shen, Rong Wang, Hao Wang
Amentoflavone, a biflavonoid occurring in many edible supplements, possesses some bioactivities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammation, antitumor, and neuroprotective activities. In the present study, an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method, combined with a three-step analytical strategy, was employed to identify metabolites in vivo (rat plasma, bile, urine, and feces) and in vitro (rat liver microsomes and rat intestine microsomes). A total of 39 metabolites in rats and nine metabolites in rat microsomes were elucidated by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis, and the chemical structure of some isomers was further assigned by calculated Clog P values. Oxidation, internal hydrolysis, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfation, glucuronidation, glucosylation, O-aminomethylation, and degradation were the major metabolic pathways of amentoflavone. Noteworthy, O-aminomethylation and glucosylation could be considered as unique metabolic pathways of amentoflavone. This was the first report on metabolite identification of amentoflavone in vivo and in vitro, and the metabolic findings offer novel and valuable evidence for an in-depth understanding of the safety and efficacy of amentoflavone.