Synthetic Access to Noncanonical Strigolactones: Syntheses of Carlactonic Acid and Methyl Carlactonoate
journal contributionposted on 2017-11-27, 00:00 authored by Michael C. Dieckmann, Pierre-Yves Dakas, Alain De Mesmaeker
Strigolactones are plant hormones regulating essential stages of a plant’s development. Their low natural abundance combined with a low chemical stability significantly hampered the detailed investigation of their biological activity. Noncanonical strigolactones lack the fused tricyclic ABC-ring system commonly present in canonical-type strigolactones but feature an open-chain unit linking structurally diverse A-ring moieties to the butenolide D-ring. We herein present an efficient synthetic access to enantiomerically pure noncanonical strigolactones by a Stille cross-coupling approach to forge the central diene moiety and demonstrate this strategy by syntheses of natural products methyl carlactonoate and carlactonic acid. Furthermore, a synthetic access to deuterium-labeled analogues of these natural products has been developed.
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Synthetic Accesscanonical-type strigolactonescarlactonic acidA-ring moietiesdeuterium-labeled analoguestricyclic ABC-ring systemNoncanonical StrigolactonesMethyl Carlactonoate Strigolactoneschemical stabilityplant hormonesdiene moietyNoncanonical strigolactones lackStille cross-coupling approachproducts methyl carlactonoateopen-chain unitbutenolide D-ringaccessnoncanonical strigolactones