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Synthesis of Weakly Confined, Cube-Shaped, and Monodisperse Cadmium Chalcogenide Nanocrystals with Unexpected Photophysical Properties

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posted on 2022-09-06, 20:05 authored by Liulin Lv, Shaojie Liu, Jiongzhao Li, Haixin Lei, Haiyan Qin, Xiaogang Peng
Zinc-blende CdSe, CdS, and CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with a structure-matched shape (cube-shaped, edge length ≤30 nm) are synthesized via a universal scheme. With the edge length up to five times larger than exciton diameter of the bulk semiconductors, the nanocrystals exhibit novel properties in the weakly confined size regime, such as near-unity single exciton and biexciton photoluminescence (PL) quantum yields, single-nanocrystal PL nonblinking, mixed PL decay dynamics of exciton and free carriers with sub-microsecond monoexponential decay lifetime, and stable yet extremely narrow PL full width at half maximum (FWHM < 0.1 meV) at 1.8 K. Their monodisperse edge length, shape, and facet structure enable demonstration of unexpected yet size-dependent PL properties at room temperature, including unusually broad and abnormally size-dependent PL FWHM (∼100 meV), nonmonotonic size dependence of PL peak energy, and dual-peak single-exciton PL. Calculations suggest that these unusual properties should be originated from the band-edge electron/hole states of the dynamic-exciton, whose exciton binding energy is too small to hold the photogenerated electron–hole pair as a bonded Wannier exciton in a weakly confined nanocrystal.

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