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Synthesis of Stereodefined Piperidines from Aziridines and Their Transformation into Conformationally Constrained Amino Acids, Amino Alcohols and 2,7-Diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonanes

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journal contribution
posted on 19.11.2010, 00:00 by Karel Vervisch, Matthias D’hooghe, Karl W. Törnroos, Norbert De Kimpe
2-(2-Cyano-2-phenylethyl)aziridines were converted into novel cis- and trans-2-chloromethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carbonitriles via alkylation with 1-bromo-2-chloroethane followed by microwave-assisted 6-exo-tet cyclization and regiospecific ring opening. The latter piperidines were used as eligible substrates for the synthesis of stereodefined 2-chloromethyl-, 2-hydroxymethyl-, and 2-carboxymethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acids, 2-hydroxymethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carbonitriles, 3-hydroxy-5-phenylazepane-5-carbonitriles, and 5-phenyl-2,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonanes.