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Synthesis of Stable Pentacoordinate Silicon(IV)–NHC Adducts: An Entry to Anionic N‑Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands

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posted on 2018-02-06, 15:06 authored by Fabrizio Medici, Geoffrey Gontard, Etienne Derat, Gilles Lemière, Louis Fensterbank
This work features the previously undescribed interactions of Martin’s spirosilane with different types of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs). The level of interaction proved to be strongly dependent on the size of the Lewis base and could vary from the formation of isolable classical Lewis adducts to abnormal Lewis adducts, as evidenced by X-ray diffraction structure analyses and NMR studies. It has been found that abnormal adducts could be used as precursors for the synthesis of anionic NHCs bearing a weakly coordinating siliconate component. Complexation of these new types of carbenes with gold­(I) and copper­(I) has been efficiently accomplished. DFT calculations performed on the siliconate-based anionic NHC ligands revealed a high-lying HOMO and therefore a strong σ-donor character.

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