American Chemical Society
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Synthesis of Precision Poly(1,3-adamantylene alkylene)s via Acyclic Diene Metathesis Polycondensation

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-06-06, 11:38 authored by Jonas Friebel, Christopher P. Ender, Markus Mezger, Jasper Michels, Manfred Wagner, Kenneth B. Wagener, Tanja Weil
Fully saturated, aliphatic polymers containing adamantane moieties evenly distributed along the polymer backbone are of great interest due to their exceptional thermal stability, yet more synthetic strategies toward these polymers would be desirable. Herein, we report for the first time the synthesis of poly­(1,3-adamantylene alkylene)­s based on α,ω-dienes containing bulky 1,3-adamantylene defects precisely located on every 11th, 17th, 19th, and 21st chain carbon via acyclic diene metathesis polycondensation. All saturated polymers revealed excellent thermal stabilities (452–456 °C) that were significantly higher compared to those of structurally similar polyolefins with aliphatic or aromatic ring systems in the backbone of polyethylene (PE). Their crystallinity increases successively from shorter to longer CH2 chains between the adamantane defects. The adamantanes were located in the PE crystals distorting the PE unit cell by the incorporation of the adamantane defect at the kinks of a terrace arrangement. Precise positioning of structural defects within the polymeric backbone provides various opportunities to customize material properties by “defect engineering” in soft polymeric materials.