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Synthesis of Oxidant Prone Nanosilver To Develop H2O2 Responsive Drug Delivery System

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journal contribution
posted on 13.01.2015, 00:00 by Faheem Muhammad, Aifei Wang, Lu Miao, Pengyuan Wang, Qin Li, Jia Liu, Jianshi Du, Guangshan Zhu
Our immune system uses toxicity of hydrogen peroxide to kill off bacterial invaders. In this contribution, we intended to integrate ROS producing capability of immune system with oxidant-sensitive nature of antibacterial silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) to develop an oxidant drug delivery system. Prior to execute this strategy, we have developed an efficient one-pot synthetic protocol to produce ultrasmall (5 nm), water-stable, and oxidant-prone Ag NPs. Notably, the yield of as-synthesized Ag NPs is 10-fold higher than standard citrate reduction route. The resulting therapeutically active and well-dispersed Ag NPs are used as nanolids to cap the drug loaded nanochannels of porous silica. Upon exposing to H2O2, dissolution-accompanied aggregation of Ag nanolids unleashes the encapsulated therapeutic entities from channels of nanocarrier. Combination of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs in single nanocarriers can potentially augment the effectiveness of various therapies.