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Synthesis of Monodispersed Hollow Mesoporous Organosilica and Silica Nanoparticles with Controllable Shell Thickness Using Soft and Hard Templates

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posted on 2023-03-21, 21:07 authored by Yuji Fujii, Shujun Zhou, Manabu Shimada, Masaru Kubo
Hollow mesoporous nanoparticles with controllable size (less than 100 nm) are desired as drug-delivery carriers. Herein, we report the synthesis of monodispersed hollow mesoporous organosilica (HMOS) and hollow mesoporous silica (HMS) nanoparticles using soft and hard templating methods. HMOS shells, with 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTEE) as the precursor and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as the soft templates, were formed on monodispersed silica nanoparticles (SNPs), which were used as the hard templates. HMOS and HMS nanoparticles were obtained by removing the SNPs after three rounds of ammonia dialysis. The hollow size of HMOS can be tuned by changing the size of the SNPs. By using SNPs with a size of 36.5 nm, hollow spaces of approximately 20 nm connected the surface through narrow pores (<5 nm). Mesopores of approximately 12 nm were formed by the surfactant micelles. Additionally, the interparticle space in HMOS and HMS was approximately 12 nm. The shell thicknesses of HMOS and HMS could be tuned in the range of 5–9 nm by changing the BTEE amount. Moreover, the amount of surfactant used varied the porous structure. The HMOS with a thickness of 5 nm exhibited a Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of 268 m2/g and a total pore volume of 1.14 cm3/g. Meanwhile, HMS demonstrated a BET surface area of 553 m2/g and a total pore volume of 1.82 cm3/g while maintaining a hollow structure. HMOS displayed a high loading capacity for ibuprofen (3009 mg/g), and its drug release system showed a sustained-release property. Therefore, the HMOS preparation using hard and soft templates proposed herein can control the hollow size and shell thickness for drug-delivery applications.

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