American Chemical Society
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Synthesis of Isoquinolines and Pyridines by the Palladium-Catalyzed Iminoannulation of Internal Alkynes

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journal contribution
posted on 2001-11-02, 00:00 authored by Kevin R. Roesch, Haiming Zhang, Richard C. Larock
A wide variety of substituted isoquinoline, tetrahydroisoquinoline, 5,6-dihydrobenz[f]isoquinoline, pyrindine, and pyridine heterocycles have been prepared in good to excellent yields via annulation of internal acetylenes with the tert-butylimines of o-iodobenzaldehydes and 3-halo-2-alkenals in the presence of a palladium catalyst. The best results are obtained by employing 5 mol % of Pd(OAc)2, an excess of the alkyne, 1 equiv of Na2CO3 as a base, and 10 mol % of PPh3 in DMF as the solvent. This annulation methodology is particularly effective for aryl- or alkenyl-substituted alkynes. When electron-rich imines are employed, this chemistry can be extended to alkyl-substituted alkynes. Trimethylsilyl-substituted alkynes also undergo this annulation process to afford monosubstituted heterocyclic products absent the silyl group.