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Synthesis of Heptamethine Cyanines from Furfural Derivatives

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posted on 2023-02-14, 13:09 authored by Zhenming Hao, Liming Hu, Xiaonan Wang, Youjun Liu, Shanyan Mo
Despite the widespread theranostic utilization of cyanine dyes (Cy7), their synthetic method is still limited with pyridine or cyclohexanone derivatives as starting materials. Herein, we report the synthesis of Cy7 from furfural derivatives. First, a one-pot reaction strategy is developed to solve the unstable problem of the Stenhouse salts. Second, a stepwise condensation strategy is exploited to regioselectively synthesize asymmetrical Cy7. The methodology possesses advantages, such as easy handling, high yield, wide substrate scopes, and good functional group tolerance.

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