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Synthesis of Dirhodium(II) Complexes with Several Cyclometalated Thienylphosphines

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journal contribution
posted on 09.10.2006, 00:00 by Julio Lloret, Klaus Bieger, Francisco Estevan, Pascual Lahuerta, Pipsa Hirva, Julia Pérez-Prieto, Mercedes Sanaú
The thermal reaction of dirhodium tetraacetate with tris(3-thienyl)phosphine (3TP), diphenyl(3-thienyl)phosphine (3TPPh2), and diphenyl(2-thienyl)phosphine (2TPPh2) gives rise to mono-cyclometalated and bis-cyclometalated compounds; the latter can have a head-to-head (H−H) or head-to-tail (H−T) configuration. Bis-cyclometalated compounds with H−T configuration can be prepared in high yield under photochemical conditions or by combining irradiation with subsequent thermal treatment in acetic acid. The reactivity order of aromatic ring C−H activation is phenyl < 2-thienyl ≪ 3-thienyl, which leads to a selective activation of the thienyl ring. Thus, only one mono-cyclometalated compound is obtained from the thermal reaction with 3TPPh2, and activation of the thienyl ring competes favorably with activation at the phenyl rings in the case of 2TPPh2. The reaction of these mono-cyclometalated compounds with d4-acetic acid was monitored by 1H NMR spectroscopy, which demonstrates that the H/D exchange occurs during the demetalation step. The energy values calculated (DFT) for the different compounds agree with the experimental results.