American Chemical Society
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Synthesis of Cyclic Hydroxamic Acids through −NOH Insertion of Ketones

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journal contribution
posted on 2009-10-15, 00:00 authored by Ranjan Banerjee, S. Bruce King
Treatment of cyclobutanone or cyclopentanone with N-hydroxybenzenesulfonamide under basic conditions yields the ring-expanded cyclic hydroxamic acid in 18−69% yield. Reactions of substituted cyclobutanones give ring expanded products where the −NOH group regio- and stereoselectively inserts to the more substituted position. This expansion likely proceeds through a mechanism that includes addition of the N-anion of N-hydroxybenzenesulfonamide to the ketone and a C-nitroso intermediate that rearranges to the final product.