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Synthesis of CuxS/Cu Nanotubes and Their Lithium Storage Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 14.06.2012, 00:00 by Ren Cai, Jing Chen, Jixin Zhu, Chen Xu, Wenyu Zhang, Cuimiao Zhang, Wenhui Shi, Huiteng Tan, Dan Yang, Huey Hoon Hng, Tuti Mariana Lim, Qingyu Yan
Novel CuxS/Cu (1 < x <2) nanotubes were prepared by a facile wet chemical approach in polyethylene glycol (PEG). Here, Cu nanowires were presynthesized and then converted to nanotubes via a mass diffusion process. A thin PEG layer is physically adsorbed on the nanotube surface. The obtained CuxS/Cu nanotubes show good Li storage properties with stable cyclability upon Li ion insertion/extraction, which is attributed to the existence of the PEG capping and the reduced dissolution of Li polysulfides into the electrolytes. Furthermore, CuxS/Cu nanotubes with 10 wt % Cu show promising rate capabilities (a fifth-cycle discharge capacity of 282 mA h g–1 at a current density of 5 A g–1) due to the enhanced kinetics of charge transfer.

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