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Synthesis and Structure–Activity Relationship (SAR) Studies of Novel Pyrazolopyridine Derivatives as Inhibitors of Enterovirus Replication

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-01-18, 00:00 authored by Yanpeng Xing, Jun Zuo, Paul Krogstad, Michael E. Jung
A series of novel pyrazolopyridine compounds have been designed and prepared by a general synthetic route. Their activities against the replication of poliovirus-1, EV-A71, and CV-B3 enteroviruses were evaluated. The comprehensive understanding of the structure–activity relationship was obtained by utilizing the variation of four positions, namely, N1, C6, C4, and linker unit. From the screened analogues, the inhibitors with the highest selectivity indices at 50% inhibition of viral replication (SI50) were those with isopropyl at the N1 position and thiophenyl-2-yl unit at C6 position. Furthermore, the C4 position offered the greatest potential for improvement because many different N-aryl groups had better antiviral activities and compatibilities than the lead compound JX001. For example, JX040 with a 2-pyridyl group was the analogue with the most potent activity against non-polio enteroviruses, and JX025, possessing a 3-sulfamoylphenyl moiety, had the best activity against polioviruses. In addition, analogue JX037, possessing a novel pyrazolopyridine heterocycle, was also shown to have good antienteroviral activity, which further enlarges the compound space for antienteroviral drug design.