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Synthesis and Reactivity of N‑Heterocyclic Carbene Gold(I) and Gold(III) Imidate Complexes and Their Catalytic Activity in 1,5-Enyne Cycloisomerization

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journal contribution
posted on 24.05.2013, 00:00 by Jonathan P. Reeds, Adrian C. Whitwood, Mark P. Healy, Ian J. S. Fairlamb
The effects of substituting (pseudo)­halide for anionic imidate ligands in Au­(I) and Au­(III) (i.e. [AuBr­(NHC)] and [AuBr3(NHC)]) complexes have been investigated. [Au­(N-imidate)­(NHC)] and [AuBr2(N-imidate)­(NHC)] complexes were prepared and the structure and bonding of the complexes examined spectroscopically and crystallographically. The [AuBr2(N-imidate)­(NHC)] complexes, in combination with Ag salts, were tested for catalytic activity in the cycloisomerization of 1,5-enynes and found to be more effective than the tribromide analogues (e.g. [AuBr3(NHC)]). Subtle changes to the anionic imidate ligand structure had a pronounced effect on the catalytic activity of the Au­(III) complexes.