Synthesis and Reactivity of Conformationally Locked α-Aminoorganostannanes and α-Aminoorganolithiums. Discovery of a Surprising Configurational Requirement for Transmetalation
journal contributionposted on 05.05.2000, 00:00 by Gilles Chambournier, Robert E. Gawley
2-Tributylstannyl-N-methylpiperidines that are conformationally locked by a 4-tert-butyl substituent were evaluated in transmetalations (Sn−Li exchange) and reactions with electrophiles. When the tin is equatorial, transmetalation occurs smoothly as does reaction with carbonyl electrophiles. Alkyl halides seem to undergo single electron transfer reactions, affording nonselective alkylation products, along with products of radical disproportionation. In a surprise, an axially oriented tin failed to transmetalate, suggesting that a synclinal relationship between the nitrogen lone pair and the carbon−tin bond is a requirement for transmetalation.