American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Reactions of a Hybrid Tristibine Ligand

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-19, 09:17 authored by Sophie L. Benjamin, William Levason, Gillian Reid
The tripodal tristibine N­(CH2-2-C6H4SbMe2)3 (L) has been prepared in high yield and characterized by 1H and 13C­{1H} NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. A range of reactions with transition-metal acceptors were carried out to probe the coordinative properties of L. The 3/1 M/L complex [{FeCp­(CO)2}3(L)-κSbSb′:κSb″]­[BF4]3 involves tridentate bridging coordination of L to three CpFe­(CO)2 fragments. In [Mn­(CO)3(L)]­[CF3SO3] the ligand adopts a tridentate chelating mode via a Sb3 donor set; treatment of this complex with Me3NO in MeCN solution gave crystals of [Mn­(CO)2(L)­(MeCN)]­[CF3SO3], which lost MeCN in vacuo, probably resulting in coordination of CF3SO3 coordination of the [CF3SO3] anion. [M­(L)]­[BF4] (M = Ag, Cu) were also prepared. The reaction of L with CuBr leads to isolation of [Cu4Br4(L)2] in the solid state, which contains a Cu2Br4 core with a short central Cu···Cu distance, capped with Cu­(L) units at each end. The transition-metal complexes of L were characterized by elemental analysis, ESI+ mass spectrometry, IR spectroscopy, and 1H, 13C­{1H}, and (where appropriate) 55Mn or 63Cu NMR spectroscopy. Solid-state X-ray structures were determined for [Mn­(CO)3(L)]­[CF3SO3], [Mn­(CO)2(L)­(MeCN)]­[CF3SO3], [Cu4Br4(L)2], and [Cu3Br2(L)2]­[BF4]. In each of these structures the chelating ligand adopts a twisted, propeller-like conformation. NMR spectroscopic analysis suggests that the ligand also adopts this rigid conformation in solution.