American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Cytotoxic Activities of a New Benzo[c]phenanthridine Alkaloid, 7-Hydroxynitidine, and Some 9-Oxygenated Benzo[c]phenanthridine Derivatives

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journal contribution
posted on 1999-09-04, 00:00 authored by Takeshi Nakanishi, Masanobu Suzuki
A new benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid, 7-hydroxynitidine, was synthesized by a novel synthetic procedure. The cytotoxic activity of this compound against HeLa S3 cells was strong, but not greater than those of its mother compounds, nitidine and NK109. We also synthesized other 9-oxygenated benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids, 7-methoxynitidine, 9-demethylnitidine, nitidine, and fagaronine, and tested their cytotoxic activities. These results suggest that the 7-hydroxy group enhances antitumor activity and an 8- or 9-hydroxy group weakens this activity.