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Synthesis and Characterization of Sintered Sr/Fe-Modified Hydroxyapatite Bioceramics for Bone Tissue Engineering Applications

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journal contribution
posted on 13.12.2019, 13:05 by Ismat Ullah, Antonio Gloria, Wancheng Zhang, Muhammad Wajid Ullah, Bin Wu, Wenchao Li, Marco Domingos, Xianglin Zhang
In the current study, Sr/Fe co-substituted hydroxyapatite (HAp) bioceramics were prepared by the sonication-assisted aqueous chemical precipitation method followed by sintering at 1100 °C for bone tissue regeneration applications. The sintered bioceramics were analyzed for various structural and chemical properties through X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, which confirmed the phase purity of HAp and Sr/Fe co-substitution into its lattice. The Vickers hardness measurement, high blood compatibility (less than 5% hemolysis), and ability to support the adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells suggest the suitability of Sr/Fe:HAp bioceramics for bone implant applications. The physicochemical analysis revealed that the developed Sr/Fe:HAp bioceramics exhibited a polyphasic nature (HAp and βTCP) with almost identical structural morphology having a particle size less than 0.8 μm. The dielectric constant (ε′) and dielectric loss (ε″) were potentially affected by the incorporated foreign ions together with the polyphasic nature of the material. The Sr/Fe co-substituted samples demonstrated extended drug (5-fluorouracil and amoxicillin) release profiles at the pH of physiological medium. The multifunctional properties of the developed HAp bioceramics enabled them to be an auspicious candidate for potential biomedical applications, including targeted drug-delivery applications, heating mediator in hyperthermia, and bone tissue repair implants.