American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Characterization of Phenanthrylphosphine Gold Complex:  Observation of Au-Induced Blue-Green Phosphorescence at Room Temperature

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journal contribution
posted on 2005-03-07, 00:00 authored by Masahisa Osawa, Mikio Hoshino, Munetaka Akita, Tatsuo Wada
A new 9-diphenylphosphinophenanthrene ligand (9DPP, 1), its oxide (9DPPO, 2), and its gold complex [(AuCl(9DPP)] (3) were synthesized. The Au(I) complex 3 was found to exhibit intense blue-green, room-temperature phosphorescence (Φp = 0.06 and τT = 22.7 μs) originating in the locally excited triplet of the phenanthrene moiety (3LE) in degassed 2-methyltetrahydrofuran solution. On the assumption that ΦST = 1.0 for 3, the radiative rate constant (kr ) in the triplet state is calculated to be 2.6 × 103 s-1. This value is 4 orders of magnitude larger than the radiative rate constant of the triplet phenanthrene (0.26 s-1). Thus, the coordinated Au(I) atom is concluded to have a markedly large heavy-atom effect on kr of the phenanthrene chromophore in 3.