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Synthesis and Characterization of NaNiF3·3H2O: An Unusual Ordered Variant of the ReO3 Type

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journal contribution
posted on 06.04.2015, 00:00 by Elena C. Gonzalo, María Luisa Sanjuán, Markus Hoelzel, M. Teresa Azcondo, Ulises Amador, Isabel Sobrados, Jesús Sanz, Flaviano García-Alvarado, Alois Kuhn
A new hydrated sodium nickel fluoride with nominal composition NaNiF3·3H2O was synthesized using an aqueous solution route. Its structure was solved by means of ab initio methods from powder X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction data. NaNiF3·3H2O crystallizes in the cubic crystal system, space group Pn3̅ with a = 7.91968(4) Å. The framework, derived from the ReO3 structure type, is built from NaX6 and NiX6 (X = O, F) corner-shared octahedra, in which F and O atoms are randomly distributed on a single anion site. The 2a × 2a × 2a superstructure arises from the strict alternate three-dimensional linking of NaX6 and NiX6 octahedra together with the simultaneous tilts of the octahedra from the cube axis (φ = 31.1°), with a significant participation of hydrogen bonding. NaNiF3·3H2O corresponds to a fully cation-ordered variant of the In­(OH)3 structure, easily recognizable when formulated as NaNi­(XH)6 (X = O, F). It constitutes one of the rare examples for the a+a+a+ tilting scheme with 1:1 cation ordering in perovskite-related compounds. The Curie-like magnetic behavior well-reflects the isolated paramagnetic Ni2+ centers without worth mentioning interactions. While X-ray and neutron diffraction data evidence Na/Ni order in combination with O/F disorder as a main feature of this fluoride, results from Raman and magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopies support the existence of specific anion arrangements in isolated square windows identified in structural refinements. In particular, formation of water molecules derives from unfavorable FH bond formation.