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Synthesis and Characterization of Mixed-Ligand Oxorhenium Complexes with the SNN Type of Ligand. Isolation of a Novel ReO[SN][S][S] Complex

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journal contribution
posted on 25.08.2000, 00:00 by A. Rey, I. Pirmettis, M. Pelecanou, M. Papadopoulos, C. P. Raptopoulou, L. Mallo, C. I. Stassinopoulou, A. Terzis, E. Chiotellis, A. León
A new series of mixed-ligand oxorhenium complexes 49, with ligands 13 (L1H2) containing the SNN donor set and monodentate thiols as coligands (L2H), is reported. All complexes were synthesized using ReOCl3(PPh3)2 as precursor. They were isolated as crystalline products and characterized by elemental analysis and IR and NMR spectroscopy. The ligands 1 and 2 (general formula RCH2CH2NHCH2CH2SH, where R = N(C2H5)2 in 1 and pyrrolidin-1-yl in 2) act as tridentate SNN chelates to the ReO3+ core, leaving one open coordination site cis to the oxo group. The fourth coordination site is occupied by a monodentate aromatic thiol which acts as a coligand. Thus, three new “3+1” [SNN][S] oxorhenium complexes 46 (general formula ReO[RCH2CH2NCH2CH2S][SX], where R = N(C2H5)2 and X = phenyl in 4, R = N(C2H5)2 and X = p-methylphenyl in 5, and R = pyrrolidin-1yl and X = p-methylphenyl in 6) were prepared in high yield. Complex 4 adopts an almost perfect square pyramidal geometry (τ = 0.07), while 6 forms a distorted square pyramidal geometry (τ = 0.24). In both complexes 4 and 6, the basal plane is formed by the SNN donor set of the tridentate ligand and the S of the monodentate thiol. On the other hand, the ligand 3, [(CH3)2CH]2NCH2CH2NHCH2CH2SH, acts as a bidentate ligand, probably due to steric hindrance, and it coordinates to the ReO3+ core through the SN atoms, leaving two open coordination sites cis to the oxo group. These two vacant positions are occupied by two molecules of the monodentate thiol coligand, producing a novel type of “2+1+1” [SN][S][S] oxorhenium mixed-ligand complexes 79 (general formula ReO[[(CH3)2CH]2NCH2CH2NHCH2CH2S][SX][SX], where X = phenyl in 7, p-methylphenyl in 8, and benzyl in 9). The coordination sphere about rhenium in 7 and 8 consists of the SN donor set of ligand 3, two sulfurs of the two monodentate thiols, and the doubly bonded oxygen atom in a trigonally distorted square pyramidal geometry (τ = 0.44 and 0.45 for 7 and 8, respectively). Detailed NMR assignments were determined for complexes 5 and 8.